File Name: non ferrous metals properties and uses .zip
Study the properties of the materials below, you may find that they are useful for your project. You may need to investigate metals further. Iron High tensile strength. Can be case hardened.
In metallurgy , non-ferrous metals are metals or alloys that do not contain iron ferrite in appreciable amounts. Generally more costly than ferrous metals, non-ferrous metals are used because of desirable properties such as low weight e. For example, bauxite is used as flux for blast furnaces , while others such as wolframite , pyrolusite and chromite are used in making ferrous alloys. All pure metals are non-ferrous elements except iron also called ferrite, chemical symbol Fe, from the Latin ferrum , meaning "iron". Important non-ferrous metals include aluminium, copper, lead , nickel , tin , titanium and zinc, and alloys such as brass.
A non-ferrous metal can be described as any metal, including alloys, that does not contain iron ferrite. They are more expensive than ferrous metals and have properties that include low weight, resistance to corrosion and a high level of conductivity, making them more desirable. Well known non-ferrous metals include copper, lead, zinc, aluminium, tin, nickel, gold, silver and platinum. Because non-ferrous metals are very malleable they are more suited to for use where weight is an important factor. For example, in aircraft manufacture the materials must be strong but also as light as possible. Non-ferrous metals also have a higher resistance to corrosion than ferrous metals so they are popular for things such as water pipes, roofing and road signs which are exposed to the elements. Ferrous metals are mainly used for their strength and durability.
When we polish metals, they are also good reflectors of light. Standardization in the field of corrosion of metals and alloys including corrosion test methods, corrosion prevention methods and corrosion control engineering life cycle. Commercial metal alloys attempt to combine these beneficial properties in order to create metals more useful for particular applications than any of their component elements. Fundamentals of Creep in Metals and Alloys. Solder is an alloy of tin and lead and has a lower melting point than its constituent metals, thus can be used to join metals. This is an alphabetical list of alloys grouped according to base metal. Most pure metals are either too soft, brittle, or chemically reactive for practical use.
ASM Handbook, Volume 2 is a comprehensive guide to nonferrous metals and alloys. It provides detailed information on compositions, properties, selection, and applications of major alloy groups, with particular emphasis on aluminum, titanium, copper, and magnesium. A section on special-purpose materials examines alloys with outstanding magnetic and electrical properties, heat-resistant alloys, wear-resistant materials, shape memory alloys, and metal-matrix composites.
Ferrous metals and alloys contain iron; non-ferrous materials do not. Luckily, there are several other factors that differentiate the two. These metals are primarily used for their tensile strength and durability, especially mild steel which helps hold up the tallest skyscrapers and the longest bridges in the world. You can also find ferrous metals in housing construction, industrial containers, large-scale piping, automobiles, rails for railroad and transportation, most of tools and hardware you use around the house, and the knives you cook with at home. Due to the high amounts of carbon used when creating them, most ferrous metals and alloys are vulnerable to rust when exposed to the elements. Most ferrous metals also have magnetic properties, which makes them very useful in the creation of large motors and electrical appliances. Ferrous metal.
Introduction to Engineering Materials pp Cite as. Although there are very many metallic elements, it is customary to divide metals and alloys into two major categories, ferrous and non-ferrous. The former category covers the element iron and its alloys, while all the other metallic elements some 70 in number and their alloys are classified as non-ferrous. The division is not quite as unbalanced as might at first appear, because iron occupies a very special position among metallic materials, owing to its availability, its comparatively low cost, and the very useful ranges of alloys that are formed when iron is alloyed with carbon and other elements. Some 94 per cent of the total world consumption of metallic materials is in the form of steels and cast irons.
Stop wasting time on admin! Order your sheet metal fabrication online. Immediate pricing and short lead times all over the UK. What is the difference between ferrous and non-ferrous metals? They compose a large part of the overall metals in use today.
Faculty of Materials Science and Technology. Second Cycle. First Year.
Corrosion comprises the reaction between a metal or alloy and its surrounding environment.
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