File Name: approaches to second language acquisition towell and hawkins .zip
The generative approach to second language L2 acquisition SLA is a cognitive based theory of SLA that applies theoretical insights developed from within generative linguistics to investigate how second languages and dialects are acquired and lost by individuals learning naturalistically or with formal instruction in foreign, second language and lingua franca settings. As generative second language research endeavours to explain the totality of L2 acquisition phenomena, it is also concerned with investigating the extent of linguistic transfer , maturational effects on acquisition, and why some learners fail to acquire a target-like L2 grammar even with abundant input. In the late s-early s researchers observed that the language and errors of L2 learners were not random but systematic and evidence of rule-governed behaviour. This system theory regarding the interlanguage suggests that L2 learners have mental grammars that can be described with rules and principles. The logical problem of language acquisition refers to the observable mismatch between the primary linguistic data PLD or language specific input a child is exposed to and the state of their eventual language system, that is, children appear to acquire their native language quickly and with little negative feedback even when the input is uneven, inconsistent and unrepresentative of their ultimate linguistic competence. Similarly, children are not exposed to a rich wealth of linguistic data to be able to acquire all the rules and principles of their distinct language.
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cover next page > Page i Approaches to Second Language Acquisition Richard Towell and Roger Hawkins MULTILINGUAL MATTERS LTD Clevedon.
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