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Impact Of Climate Change On Agriculture And Food Security Pdf

impact of climate change on agriculture and food security pdf

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Published: 16.12.2020

Center for Strategic & International Studies

The consequences of climate change for agriculture and food security in developing countries are of serious concern. Due to their reliance on rain-fed agriculture both as a source of income and consumption, many low-income countries are generally considered to be most vulnerable to climate change. Here, we estimate the impact of climate change on food security in Tanzania. Representative climate projections are used in calibrated crop models to predict crop yield changes for districts in Tanzania. These results are in turn imposed on a highly-disaggregated, dynamic economy-wide model of Tanzania.

Climate change and variability in Kenya: a review of impacts on agriculture and food security

Metrics details. However, farming has been constrained by the mountainous topography and rapid changes in environmental variabilities. With climate change, agricultural production and food security is likely to face one of the biggest challenges of the twenty-first century. The country has already been experiencing some impacts of climate change, such as crop loss to unusual outbreaks of diseases and pests, erratic rainfalls, windstorms, hail storms, droughts, flash floods and landslides annually. Also, in , a severe windstorm flattened all maize crops belonging to hundreds of households.

Human beings have learned to live with climate variability on various timescales, from daily to decadal. However, the climate variability we are accustomed to is changing quickly, accompanied by a rise in global mean temperature due to increasing greenhouse-gas concentrations in the atmosphere. The poor in developing countries who already have difficulties in coping with current climate variability will be even more vulnerable. They are the ones who contribute the least to emissions of greenhouse gases, yet need to learn to cope with changing climate with few financial or technical resources. This article first discusses the multiple aspects of food security in the light of climate change. The next part looks at impacts on crop production at different spatial scales.

Climate change and variability are a major threat to the agricultural sector globally. It is widely accepted that the changes in temperature, rainfall patterns, sea water level and concentration of CO 2 in the atmosphere will have the most devastating impacts on agricultural production. This paper examines the past and future crop production and food security in Kenya under variable climate. From the review, it is evident that the country is already experiencing episodes of climate change, manifested by seasonal changes in precipitation and temperature of varying severity and duration despite overreliance on rain-fed agriculture. The findings also reveal that climate change would continue to negatively affect crop production and food security to the already vulnerable communities in the arid and semi-arid areas.

impact of climate change on agriculture and food security pdf

Climate change affects agriculture and food production in complex potentially drastic climate impacts on the production and productivity of.

Climate Change and Food Security

Climate change and agriculture are interrelated processes, both of which take place on a global scale, with the adverse effects of climate change affecting agriculture both directly and indirectly. This can take place through changes in average temperatures , rainfall , and climate extremes e. Climate change is already affecting agriculture, with effects unevenly distributed across the world. Agriculture contributes towards climate change through anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and by the conversion of non-agricultural land such as forests into agricultural land.

Climate change negatively affects all four pillars of food security: availability, access, utilisation and stability. Food availability may be reduced by negative climate change impacts on productivity of crops, livestock and fish, due, for instance, to increases in temperature and changes in rainfall patterns. Productivity is also negatively affected by increased pests and diseases, as well as changing distributions of pollinators under climate change.

C Murgor. Environmental Change and Sustainability. Climate change is possibly the most significant environmental challenge of our time and poses serious threats to sustainable development in the world and more so in most developing nations.

Food Security Under a Changing Climate

Climate change and agriculture

Source: Andrew J. Challinor et al. Addressing food system impacts from climate change is not merely an environmental challenge, it is a human development imperative. As the evidence base grows, it becomes increasingly clear: the link between climate change and global instability often runs through our food systems.

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Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture and Food Security and Disaster Risk Management as Entry Point for Climate. Change Adaptation. About EASYPol.


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