File Name: different types of banks in india and their functions file.zip
It is also the central bank and plays a crucial role in the Indian Economy. Being aware of such important topics will help you score more marks in your exams. India is one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, with a population over 1. Various factors manage and influence the Indian economy, RBI is one amongst them. It is one of the oldest institutions behind the success of the Indian economy.
This article explains the banking structure in India and how different banks are classified as per RBI Norms. The Indian banking industry has been divided into two parts, organized and unorganized sectors. The unorganized sector, which is not homogeneous, is largely made up of money lenders and indigenous bankers. Learn what we mean by nationalized banks, scheduled banks, public sector banks, private banks, and foreign banks. In this article, we present the types of banks applicable and prevalent in India. The focus of banking is varied, the needs diverse and methods different.
Banking has been a significant part of our lives for a very long time. And in recent times, with the advancement of technology, there has been a revolution in the banking system. The majority of the Indian population relies on banks for the smooth functioning of their transactional activities. Banking is and will always be an important part of our lives. So, we give you a detailed History of Banking in India prepared from the point of view of exams.
The Reserve Bank of India RBI is India's central bank and regulatory body under the jurisdiction of Ministry of Finance , Government of India and is responsible for the issue and supply of the Indian rupee and the regulation of the Indian banking system. It also manages the country's main payment systems and works to promote its economic development. Until the Monetary Policy Committee was established in ,  it also had full control monetary policy in India. The overall direction of the RBI lies with the member central board of directors, composed of: the governor ; four deputy governors; two finance ministry representatives usually the Economic Affairs Secretary and the Financial Services Secretary ; ten government-nominated directors; and four directors who represent local boards for Mumbai , Kolkata , Chennai , and Delhi. Each of these local boards consists of five members who represent regional interests and the interests of co-operative and indigenous banks.
The major role of banks in a financial system is the mobilization of deposits and disbursement of credit to various sectors of the economy. The existing, elaborate banking structure of India has evolved over several decades. Reserve Bank of India is the central bank of the country and regulates the banking system of India. The structure of the banking system of India can be broadly divided into scheduled banks, non-scheduled banks and development banks. Banks that are included in the second schedule of the Reserve Bank of India Act, are considered to be scheduled banks. All banks which are not included in the second section of the Reserve Bank of India Act, are Non-scheduled Banks.
A bank is a financial institution that accepts deposits from the public and creates a demand deposit while simultaneously making loans. Banks play an important role in financial stability and the economy of a country, most jurisdictions exercise a high degree of regulation over banks. Most countries have institutionalized a system known as fractional reserve banking , under which banks hold liquid assets equal to only a portion of their current liabilities. In addition to other regulations intended to ensure liquidity , banks are generally subject to minimum capital requirements based on an international set of capital standards, the Basel Accords. Banking in its modern sense evolved in the fourteenth century in the prosperous cities of Renaissance Italy but in many ways functioned as a continuation of ideas and concepts of credit and lending that had their roots in the ancient world.
Updated on Jan 05, - PM. The Reserve Bank is permanently situated in Mumbai since This report consists of valuation and progress of the Indian economy. Report on Trend and Progress of Banking in India — This document is an assessment of the policies and progress of the financial sector for the preceding year. Two of these lectures are conducted by past Governors of the Reserve Bank and one lecture is by a noted economist.
In India the banks and banking have been divided in different groups.
These banks play the most important role in modern economic organisation. Their business mainly consists of receiving deposits, giving loans and financing the trade of a country. They provide short-term credit, i. This is their special feature. Exchange banks finance mostly the foreign trade of a country.
The exact date of existence of indigenous bank is not known. But, it is certain that the old banking system has been functioning for centuries. Some people trace the presence of indigenous banks to the Vedic times of BC. It has admirably fulfilled the needs of the country in the past. However, with the coming of the British, its decline started.
of regulating the commercial banking sector, which emerged with the enactment of the specific functions to the Local Boards and various committees. available all such documents and records to the Reserve Bank officers and render all.
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