File Name: transport investment and economic development .zip
Transport and Development pp Cite as. T he emergence of a viable and efficient system of modern transportation is clearly an essential element in the growing infrastructure upon which the expanding economies of the less developed countries must be based.
Many analyses of transport problems in such countries emphasise the specific problems associated with road, rail or sea transport media, and frequently confine discussion either to the economics of transportation or to the geographical disposition of the facilities available.
Relatively few studies attempt to view the economic geography of transport networks within an area as a whole, or to examine the nature of the relationship between transport provision and economic growth. These two aspects of transport geography are of vital significance in the less developed countries, especially in view of the need to achieve maximum economies within the development process.
East Africa provides an example of an area where rail, road, sea and air transport systems are all reasonably well developed but lack close integration, and where existing networks are currently subject to considerable changes and are, therefore, objects of political and economic attention.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. B erry , B. An inductive approach to the regionalization of economic development, Research Paper 62 , Department of Geography, University of Chicago. Google Scholar. Annual report for the year ending 31st December , Nairobi, p. F romm , G. Transport Investment and Economic Development , Washington. G riffiths , I. H ance , W.
African Economic Development , New York, p. H oyle , B. Recent changes in the pattern of East African railways, Tijd. Early port development in East Africa: an illustration of the concept of changing port hierarchies, Tijd. CrossRef Google Scholar. The Seaports of East Africa , Nairobi. East African seaports: an application of the concept of Anyport, Trans. Seaports and Development in Tropical Africa , London. J atzold , R. Railways and Development in Uganda , Nairobi.
New railway construction and the pattern of economic development in East Africa, Trans. O gundana , B. Patterns and problems of seaport evolution in Nigeria, eds. T aaffe , E. Transport expansion in under-developed countries: a comparative analysis, Geog. V oigt , F. Progress in transport geography, eds.
Cooke and J. Johnson , Trends in Geography , London. W ilson , G. Hoyle There are no affiliations available. Personalised recommendations.
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Steven Melia Steve. Melia uwe. This study asks whether a different conclusion should be drawn today. The different approaches to evaluating the relationship between transport investment and economic output are reviewed: cross-sectional and time series, regional, cross-regional and national. The range of elasticities calculated is large: mostly positive but sometimes negative. At national levels there is strong evidence of cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between these factors but the issue of causality what causes what? Various methods used to address the issue of causality are reviewed.
The development of transportation systems is embedded within the scale and context in which they take place, from the local to the global and from environmental, historical, technological, and economic perspectives. Development can be defined as improving the welfare of a society through appropriate social, political, and economic conditions. The expected outcomes are quantitative and qualitative improvements in human capital e. The development of transportation systems takes place in a socioeconomic context.
Transport and Development pp Cite as. T he emergence of a viable and efficient system of modern transportation is clearly an essential element in the growing infrastructure upon which the expanding economies of the less developed countries must be based. Many analyses of transport problems in such countries emphasise the specific problems associated with road, rail or sea transport media, and frequently confine discussion either to the economics of transportation or to the geographical disposition of the facilities available. Relatively few studies attempt to view the economic geography of transport networks within an area as a whole, or to examine the nature of the relationship between transport provision and economic growth.
Download the PDF. Infrastructure investments are prescribed to stimulate the economy in the short term by creating construction employment, and to foster longer-term economic growth by making the transportation system more efficient and reliable. Democrats and Republicans, liberals and conservatives, rural and urban elected officials—all seek funding for roads and transit projects in their districts, asserting repeatedly that these expenditures will create jobs. President Obama vigorously sought to create jobs through transportation spending in the recent economic stimulus package. Are the politicians right?
Transport infrastructure investment and regional inequalities in Brazil: an analysis of the impacts of the Growth Acceleration Program PAC. ISSN The article analyses the effects of investments in infrastructure - in particular regarding transport sector carried out under the Growth Acceleration Program PAC - on the Brazilian regional dynamics. The hypotheses investigated in the study are: i infrastructure investments have contributed to the economic growth of the Brazilian states; ii PAC's infrastructure investments have helped to increase the economic growth rates of the Brazilian states, iii PAC's infrastructure investments have changed the dispersion of economic growth rates between states, in favor of poorer states. We employ the methodology of panel data for the estimates and bootstrapping for predictions.
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