File Name: list of antibiotics and their mode of action .zip
The following is a list of antibiotics. The highest division between antibiotics is bactericidal and bacteriostatic. Bactericidals kill bacteria directly, whereas bacteriostatics prevent them from dividing.
Infections account for a major cause of death throughout the developing world. This is mainly due to the emergence of newer infectious agents and more specifically due to the appearance of antimicrobial resistance. With time, the bacteria have become smarter and along with it, massive imprudent usage of antibiotics in clinical practice has resulted in resistance of bacteria to antimicrobial agents.
Skip to content. Skip to navigation. Different antibiotics have different modes of action, owing to the nature of their structure and degree of affinity to certain target sites within bacterial cells. Click here to download a print ready PDF of this module. East Lansing, MI
Antibiotics are drugs used to treat bacterial infections. They are ineffective against viral infections and most other infections. Antibiotics either kill microorganisms or stop them from reproducing, allowing the body's natural defenses to eliminate them. Although doctors try to use antibiotics for specific bacterial infections, they sometimes start antibiotics without waiting for tests that identify the specific bacteria. Antibiotics can have side effects, such as upset stomach, diarrhea, and, in women, vaginal yeast infections. Antibiotics are grouped into classes based on their chemical structure. However, antibiotics within each class often affect the body differently and may be effective against different bacteria.
Last updated on June 11, From treatments for painful strep throat or ear infections as a child, to burning urinary tract infections or itchy skin infections as an adult, antibiotics are one of the most highly utilized and important medication classes we have in medicine. Understanding the vast world of antibiotics and anti-infectives is no easy task. Anti-infectives are a large class of drugs that cover a broad range of infections , including fungal, viral, bacterial, and even protozoal infections. There is no one type of antibiotic that cures every infection.
Compare the two classes of antibiotics: bactericidal and bacteriostatic antibiotic. Antibiotics can be divided into two classes based on their mechanism of action. Bactericidal antibiotics kill bacteria; bacteriostatic antibiotics inhibit their growth or reproduction. One way that bactericidal antibodies kill bacteria is by inhibiting cell wall synthesis. Examples include the Beta-lactam antibiotics penicillin derivatives penams , cephalosporins cephems , monobactams, and carbapenems and vancomycin. Other ways that bactericidal antibiotics kill bacteria include inhibiting bacterial enzymes or protein translation.
where there is high antibiotic consumption are classified based on their mechanism of action, most common mechanism of transferring antibiotic.
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