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Deductive And Inductive Approach In Research Pdf

deductive and inductive approach in research pdf

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Theories structure and inform sociological research. So, too, does research structure and inform theory. The reciprocal relationship between theory and research often becomes evident to students new to these topics when they consider the relationships between theory and research in inductive and deductive approaches to research. In both cases, theory is crucial. But the relationship between theory and research differs for each approach.

Inductive and deductive approaches to research

The purpose of this paper is to explain the rationale for choosing the qualitative approach to research human resources practices, namely, recruitment and selection, training and development, performance management, rewards management, employee communication and participation, diversity management and work and life balance using deductive and inductive approaches to analyse data. The paper adopts an emic perspective that favours the study of transfer of human resource management practices from the point of view of employees and host country managers in subsidiaries of western multinational enterprises in Ghana. Despite the numerous examples of qualitative methods of data generation, little is known particularly to the novice researcher about how to analyse qualitative data. This paper develops a model to explain in a systematic manner how to methodically analyse qualitative data using both deductive and inductive approaches. The deductive and inductive approaches provide a comprehensive approach in analysing qualitative data. The process involves immersing oneself in the data reading and digesting in order to make sense of the whole set of data and to understand what is going on. This paper fills a serious gap in qualitative data analysis which is deemed complex and challenging with limited attention in the methodological literature particularly in a developing country context, Ghana.

If a causal relationship or link seems to be implied by a particular theory or case example, it might be true in many cases. Deductive approach can be explained by the means of hypotheses, which can be derived from the propositions of the theory. In other words, deductive approach is concerned with deducting conclusions from premises or propositions. Advantages of Deductive Approach Deductive approach offers the following advantages:. The table below guides the choice of specific approach depending on circumstances:. Deductive research approach explores a known theory or phenomenon and tests if that theory is valid in given circumstances. The reasoning starts with a theory and leads to a new hypothesis.

Deductive Approach (Deductive Reasoning)

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Qualitative research: deductive and inductive approaches to data analysis

Importance of Inductive and Deductive Approaches in Geographical Researches

Published on April 18, by Raimo Streefkerk. Revised on November 11,

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4 Comments

  1. Nydia M.

    12.12.2020 at 19:13
    Reply

    The main difference between inductive and deductive approaches to research is that whilst a deductive approach is aimed and testing theory, an inductive approach is concerned with the generation of new theory emerging from the data.

  2. Cocoaflgirl

    15.12.2020 at 08:38
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    View Stats.

  3. Slinquacriacan

    18.12.2020 at 01:56
    Reply

    Theory structures and informs social work research.

  4. Ivanna C.

    19.12.2020 at 03:14
    Reply

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