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Environmental Monitoring and Characterization is an integrated, hands-on resource for monitoring all aspects of the environment. Sample collection methods and relevant physical, chemical and biological processes necessary to characterize the environment are brought together in twenty chapters which cover: sample collection methods, monitoring terrestrial, aquatic and air environments, and relevant chemical, physical and biological processes and contaminants. This book will serve as an authoritative reference for advanced students and environmental professionals.
Metadata Show full item record. Abstract In Before-After monitoring studies, statistical models are used to characterize baseline i. To establish best practices for analyzing monitoring data, a model evaluation was developed and applied using Marine Renewable Energy MRE ; a case study of a disturbance with no best practice monitoring methods. The evaluation was performed on normal and non-normal acoustic metrics representative of MRE monitoring data. Evaluated models included: generalized regression models, time series models, and nonparametric models.
Models were then fit to 5 simulated Before-After change scenarios using Intervention Analysis. A power analysis was used to evaluate model ability to detect change.
Residual error diagnostics were used to quantify model fit and forecast accuracy. State-space models are recommended for baseline characterization. Deterministic Parametric models are recommended to detect change. Time series and semi-parametric models are recommended to quantify change. Nonparametric models are recommended to forecast change.
These recommendations form best practices for analyzing MRE monitoring data, which enables comparisons among MRE sites and reduces uncertainty in environmental effects. The evaluation approach is applicable to any monitoring program. Collections Fisheries . Search ResearchWorks. This Collection. Login Register.
All human populations interact with the ecosystems surrounding them in some form or other. These interactions, whether they be hunting and harvesting available fauna and flora, agriculture, or nonrenewable resource extraction, involve some degree of management Lertzman In contemporary times, the necessity of managing ecosystems and the way people interact with them is particularly evident for adapting to environmental change, mitigating industrial activity, and conserving biodiversity. A key component of environmental management is monitoring—the act of detecting and analyzing changes within a system in order to inform appropriate management responses Lindenmayer and Likens Research in recent decades has demonstrated that environmental monitoring, when properly designed and linked to management bodies, can be done by local people as effectively as by academic or professional scientists, with the added benefits of being less expensive and increasing the likelihood of local people accepting resulting management actions Danielsen et al. Alongside the acceptance of community-based monitoring is an increasing interest by governments and academics in including Indigenous knowledge alongside scientific knowledge in environmental management, including monitoring United Nations Conference on Environment and Development , Berkes et al. Some synonyms of Indigenous knowledge found within the academic literature include traditional ecological knowledge e.
Environmental monitoring describes the processes and activities that need to take place to characterize and monitor the quality of the environment. Environmental monitoring is used in the preparation of environmental impact assessments , as well as in many circumstances in which human activities carry a risk of harmful effects on the natural environment. All monitoring strategies and programs have reasons and justifications which are often designed to establish the current status of an environment or to establish trends in environmental parameters. In all cases, the results of monitoring will be reviewed, analyzed statistically , and published. The design of a monitoring program must therefore have regard to the final use of the data before monitoring starts. Air pollutants are atmospheric substances—both naturally occurring and anthropogenic —which may potentially have a negative impact on the environment and organism health.
Terra Borealis. –49, ) Artiola/Environmental Monitoring and Characterization Final Proof pm page 2. 2. J.F. Artiola.
The MSA project conducts environmental monitoring to measure radionuclide concentrations in various environmental media, including air, surface water, sediment, soil, natural vegetation, agricultural products, fish wildlife, and external radiation levels to assure the public that the dose and risk from Hanford contaminants are well understood. The data is also collected to monitor several chemical and metal levels in the Columbia River water and sediment, and in fish and wildlife. Surveillance activities focus on materials that are, have been, or potentially could be released from the Hanford Site; however, non Hanford releases are also considered.
When dealing with increasing environmental concerns associated with water, air and soil pollution, as well as climate change induced by human activities, accurate assessment of the state of the environment is a prerequisite for undertaking any course of action towards improvement. This book deals with recent developments and applications of environmental monitoring technologies, with emphasis on optical and biological methods that are rapidly progressing through the integration of emerging technologies from various disciplines. Thirty-one chapters, written by internationally renowned researchers in their respective fields, have been selected from presentations at the 6th International Symposium on Advanced Environmental Monitoring , held June , in Heidelberg, Germany.
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Sign in to view contract pricing. View Cart. Across many industries—aerospace, semiconductor manufacturing, military, medical devices, biotech and pharmaceuticals to name a few—cleanrooms are essential to any manufacturing operation where reducing contamination from airborne particles is critical to success. How important have cleanrooms been to industry? Cleanrooms have evolved since then, varying widely in size and complexity, but they still fall into two main categories based on how the air flowing through them is handled:. Also known as nonunidirectional cleanrooms , turbulently ventilated cleanrooms are most often designed to receive clean filtered air from the ceiling through multiple air diffusers although systems using a single non-diffusing source inlet do exist.
Introducing new learning courses and educational videos from Apress. Start watching. Sensor Technologies pp Cite as. Our environment plays a pivotal daily role in our health and well-being. The air we breathe, the water we drink, the noise levels we're exposed to, and the weather we experience, all directly affect us in terms of our quality of life, our life expectancy, and the prevalence of certain diseases or other aspects of our personal health.
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Environmental monitoring and characterization. Artiola, Janick F., Pepper, Ian L., Brusseau, Mark L. ().
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