File Name: language teaching methods and approaches .zip
Show all documents Approaches methods and techniques of Teaching English This paper determines and describes about the Approaches and methods and techniques of teaching English. There are different types of techniques, approaches and Challenges in English language teaching. While teaching some methods we should follow. Based on the students capability teacher should follow the techniques and methods of teaching English.
Throughout the history of teaching languages a number of different teaching approaches and methodologies have been tried and tested with some being more popular and effective than others. The direct method of teaching English is also known as the Natural Method. Its main focus is oral skill and it is taught via repetitive drilling. Today popular forms of the Direct Method are Callan and Berlitz. Just like its name suggests, this method of teaching English is grammar heavy and relies a lot on translation. This is particularly common for those students who wish to study literature at a deeper level. The Audio Lingual Method otherwise known as the New Key Method or Army Method is based on a behavirourist theory that things are able to be learned by constant reinforcement.
Communicative language teaching CLT , or the communicative approach , is an approach to language teaching that emphasizes interaction as both the means and the ultimate goal of study. Language learners in environments utilizing CLT techniques, learn and practice the target language through the interaction with one another and the instructor, the study of "authentic texts" those written in the target language for purposes other than language learning , and through the use of the language both in class and outside of class. Learners converse about personal experiences with partners, and instructors teach topics outside of the realm of traditional grammar, in order to promote language skills in all types of situations. This method also claims to encourage learners to incorporate their personal experiences into their language learning environment, and to focus on the learning experience in addition to the learning of the target language. According to CLT, the goal of language education is the ability to communicate in the target language.
Listed below are brief summaries of some of the more popular second language teaching methods of the last half century. In this method the teaching is done entirely in the target language. The learner is not allowed to use his or her mother tongue. Grammar rules are avoided and there is emphasis on good pronunciation. Learning is largely by translation to and from the target language. Grammar rules are to be memorized and long lists of vocabulary learned by heart.
There are three teaching methods that dominate the business of language instruction: the Direct Method, the Grammar-Translation Method, and the Audio-Lingual Method. Although many language-training sources may speak about exclusive or unique approaches, with few exceptions they are using one of these three methods. We conducted extensive research on the subject of teaching methods for our online language training programs. Here is a description of the three primary language teaching methods along with our analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of each one:. The Direct Method is also known as the Oral or Natural method. The process consists of a gradual acquisition of grammatical structure and vocabulary. The learner is encouraged to think in the target language rather than translate.
Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching by Jack C. Richards and. Theodore S 3 The Oral Approach and Situational Language Teaching.
This module provides a description of the basic principles and procedures of the most recognized and commonly used approaches and methods for teaching a second or foreign language. Each approach or method has an articulated theoretical orientation and a collection of strategies and learning activities designed to reach the specified goals and achieve the learning outcomes of the teaching and learning processes. Involves isolation of grammatical and syntactic elements of L2 taught either deductively or inductively in a predetermined sequence. Focus is on the learning strategies that are compatible with the learners own style. Based on concepts adapted from counseling and social psychology. Encompasses multiple aspects of the communicative act, with language structures selected according to their utility in achieving a communicative purpose. This approach was historically used in teaching Greek and Latin.
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. As opposed to physics or chemistry, where progress is more or less steady until a major discovery causes a radical theoretical revision Kuhn, , language teaching is a field where fads and heroes have come and gone in a manner fairly consistent with the kinds of changes that occur in youth culture. Save to Library. Create Alert. Launch Research Feed. Share This Paper.
PDF | At each point in time in the history of language teaching and learning, several methodologies have been employed to positively advance.
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