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Frank Parsons Trait And Factor Theory Pdf

frank parsons trait and factor theory pdf

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The trait-factor approach to career counseling was explicated by Frank Parsons who is viewed as the 'father' of counseling and vocational psychology.

Traits and Factors – A Good Way to Exclude a Career

Categories: Uncategorised. Traits Theory and Leadership. The trait approach of leadership has a century of research to back it up. Recognition of the importance of the self-concept in career exploration provides the basis for a closer relationship between assessment and counsel-ing. These are ability, achievement, interest, value and personality. Vocational development is largely a cognitive process in which individuals use reasoning to arrive at decisions.

Career Development Theory: Definition and Introduction

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Frank Parsons developed the idea of matching careers to talents, skills and was later developed into the Trait and Factor Theory of Occupational Choice.


Trait and Factor Theories - Parsons and Williamson - Copy

Career and guidance counselors use trait and factor theory to assist an individual in selecting a vocation. A number of different trait and factor theories exist, but all share one basic premise: the use of personal traits to match an individual with an occupation. Traits are relatively stable and enduring patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving. Traits are measurable in aptitude, achievement, personality and interests.

Parsons' theory

Trait and factor — the assessment of characteristics of the person and the job. Trait-and-Factor Theory.

Trait and Factor Theory

We are here from am to 5pm Monday to Friday, with the exception of Wednesday when we are here from 9. Back to top. For career practitioners ; 30 October by Katy Jordan. Parsons developed the idea that an ideal career is based on matching personal traits like skills, values and personality, with job factors, such as pay and work environment.

We are here from am to 5pm Monday to Friday, with the exception of Wednesday when we are here from 9. Back to top. Frank Parsons developed the idea of matching careers to talents, skills and personality. Frank Parsons is regarded as the founder of the vocational guidance movement. At the centre of Parsons' theory is the concept of matching.

Trait-factor counseling assumes that having been provided with accurate information about self and jobs, most individuals will be able to make a rational choice of career. Parsons proposed that once self-knowledge was coupled with knowledge about jobs, a rational decision could be made regarding the best match between the two for a given individual. One of the greatest challenges to this approach, then and now, involves how to best define individuals and jobs. It was not until the s that statistical applications and psychometric methods had advanced to the point that the matching dimensions could be empirically derived and quantitatively evaluated. The Minnesota Employment Stabilization Research Institute was established at the University of Minnesota to assist workers who had lost their jobs due to the Great Depression. During this decade, Edmund G. Williamson successfully adapted the methods developed by the Minnesota Employment Stabilization Research Institute to address the career development concerns of college students.


A good career is about the right fit. Frank Parsons' trait and factor theory is the fourth career theory to take the spotlight. Parsons developed the.


Career development theory studies paths toward improving professional growth, career trajectory and overall job satisfaction. Understanding career development theory can be an important step in determining your core values, strengths, weaknesses and desired path. While there are varying claims in different career development theories, all of these theories acknowledge the importance of cultivating a positive emotional relationship with work and of developing meaningful professional ambitions. Career development theory is the study of career paths, success and behavior.

The trait and factor theory postulates that career decisions should be made when an individual has accurate knowledge and understanding of his traits. The traits considered for occupational decisions are the right aptitudes, interests and personal abilities. In addition, a person should have knowledge of the available jobs and the status of the labor market.

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Spotlight on Parsons' trait and factor theory

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