File Name: proposal paper on terrorism and development.zip
Within the framework of the General Assembly, Member States have been backing initiatives, coordinating actions and drawing up rules to fight terrorism as effectively as possible.
Building on the Millennium Development Goals, the strategy incorporated Amartya Sen's capability-based approach to development. Although the first pillar of the strategy emphasised human rights and social progress over isolated economic growth, poverty, violence and retrogression in conflict zones since have led to the deaths of millions. Combined with resource scarcity and environmental devastation, insurgency-related conflicts have resulted in 70 million people displaced worldwide in , while the politically violent phenomena of extreme right-wing nationalism and neo-jihadism remain prevalent.
Within the framework of the General Assembly, Member States have been backing initiatives, coordinating actions and drawing up rules to fight terrorism as effectively as possible. Among the progress made, undoubtedly worthy of mention is the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy approved in , a strategy that is based on four main pillars: tackling the conditions that lead to the spread of terrorism; increasing the capabilities of States to prevent and deal with terrorism; and ensuring respect for human rights for everyone and guaranteeing the rule of law in the fight against terrorism. The mandate of the CTITF is to step up the coordination and coherence of United Nations activities in the field of the global fight against terrorism. In addition to the Global Strategy, the United Nations has established an institutional counter-terrorism architecture within the framework of the Security Council SC , particularly through the Counter-Terrorism Committee. This is commissioned with fostering the application of Resolution , approved by the Security Council shortly after the attacks on 11 September , and which contains a raft of response measures. The SC also fosters the effective application of Resolution , which establishes measures to prevent the incitement to undertake acts of terrorism and to promote tolerance and dialogue. Also noteworthy is the Resolution Committee, which establishes the lists of sanctions on individuals and groups associated with Al Qaeda and the Taliban.
Timothy Schofield. Global ecosystems are emerging as both targets and conduits of terrorist activity. The end of the Cold War and the changing face of terrorism have contributed to this development. Domestic law has not, however, kept pace with this threat. Applicable legal doctrines do not operate effectively with existing anti-terrorism strategies and fail to express adequately societal outrage at such conduct.
Rule of law—based criminal justice responses to terrorism are most effectively ensured when they are practiced within a criminal justice system capable of handling ordinary criminal offenses while protecting the rights of the accused and when all are equally accountable under the law. Building the capacity of weak criminal justice systems to safeguard mutual rights and responsibilities of governments and their citizens is essential for the alleviation of a number of conditions conducive to violent extremism and the spread of terrorism. A new wave of multilateral counterterrorism initiatives has the opportunity to recalibrate how criminal justice and rule of law—oriented counterterrorism capacity-building assistance is delivered to developing states with weak institutions. This policy brief argues that aligning counterterrorism capacity-building agendas within a framework informed by the Paris Principles and the development cooperation experience could greatly enhance the effectiveness and sustainability of criminal justice and rule of law capacity-building assistance in general and in preventing terrorism specifically. Women's Meaningful Participation in Peacebuilding and Governance. Capacity and accountability in the military: some examples from the SSD-program, Burundi. SSR Assessment Framework.
Insurance is one of the most promising tools for addressing pervasive cyber insecurity. A robust market for insuring cyber incidents could, among other things, financially incentivize organizations to adopt better cyber hygiene—thereby reducing cyber risk for society as a whole. But cyber insurance is not yet mature enough to fulfill its potential, partly due to uncertainty about what kinds of cyber risks are, or can be, insured. Uncertainties in cyber insurance came to a head in , when the Russian government conducted a cyber attack of unprecedented scale. NotPetya also exposed a serious ambiguity in how insurance policies treat state-sponsored cyber incidents. This novel use of the war exclusion, still being litigated, has raised doubts about whether adequate or reliable coverage exists for state-sponsored cyber incidents.
Developed under the Education for Justice (E4J) initiative of the United Nations Office on For example, in most situations “terrorist” groups do not cross the requisite the Wilson-Miller draft of the proposed League Covenant provided that.
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