File Name: natural disaster and its management project .zip
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By Raheem A. Usman, F. Olorunfemi, G. Awotayo, A.
It includes a summarized review of key concepts and policy issues and of selected project formulation and appraisal methods which can be used to incorporate natural hazard information into investment project preparation. A review of existing investment projects in Latin America and the Caribbean indicates that those in the agricultural sector are generally undertaken with little or no consideration of natural hazards. Hazards affect agricultural projects more than any other sector. A combination of geographic location, climatic conditions, and limited capabilities for natural hazard assessment and disaster mitigation makes Third World nations more susceptible to the disasters natural hazard events pose than post-industrialized nations. Furthermore, the agricultural sector in these countries is often the most vulnerable and least able to cope with natural hazards in terms of infrastructure and institutional support. In the following discussion, emphasis is placed on the need to apply the methods described in the formulation stage of new investment projects, rather than in the review of already prepared projects. Historical Disasters and Agricultural Losses 2.
Short notes on Disaster Management is provided to ensure the best understanding of the topic for the students who are making projects on the topic or preparing for the exam. A disaster is a destructive event that occurs suddenly and involves loss of life and property. Disasters can be of two types, natural and man-made. Earthquakes, volcanic activity, tsunamis, floods, cyclones, landslides, avalanches and droughts are natural disasters and man has no control over them. They are a result of natural activities and hence known as natural disasters.
With an aim to develop an integrated approach for effectively managing natural disasters, this paper has three research objectives. First, it provides a framework for effective natural disaster management from a public project management perspective. Second, it proposes an integrated approach for successfully and effectively managing disaster crisis. Third, it specifies a set of critical success factors for managing disaster related public projects. A detailed case study of the tsunami was carried out to identify specific problems associated with managing natural disaster in Thailand.
SUMMARY This chapter defines natural hazards and their relationship to natural resources they are negative resources , to environment they are an aspect of environmental problems , and to development they are a constraint to development and can be aggravated by it. The chapter demonstrates that the means of reducing the impact of natural hazards is now available. The factors that influence susceptibility to vulnerability reduction-the nature of the hazard, the nature of the study area, and institutional factors-are discussed. The core of the chapter explains how to incorporate natural hazard management into the process of integrated development planning, describing the process used by the OAS-Study Design, Diagnosis, Action Proposals, Implementation-and the hazard management activities associated with each phase. The chapter goes on to show how the impact of natural hazards on selected economic sectors can be reduced using energy, tourism, and agriculture as examples. Finally, the significance of a hazard management program to national and international development institutions is discussed.
A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth ; examples include floods , hurricanes , tornadoes , volcanic eruptions , earthquakes , tsunamis , storms , and other geologic processes. A natural disaster can cause loss of life or damage property,  and typically leaves some economic damage in its wake, the severity of which depends on the affected population's resilience and on the infrastructure available. In modern times, the divide between natural, man-made and man-accelerated is quite difficult to draw    with human choices like architecture,  fire,   resource management   or even climate change  potentially playing a role. An adverse event will not rise to the level of a disaster if it occurs in an area without vulnerable population. A landslide is described as an outward and downward slope movement of an abundance of slope-forming materials including rock, soil, artificial materials, or a combination of these. During World War I , an estimated 40, to 80, soldiers died as a result of avalanches during the mountain campaign in the Alps at the Austrian-Italian front. Many of the avalanches were caused by artillery fire.
Двухцветный громко рассмеялся. - В такой одежде ты тут ничего не добьешься. Беккер нахмурился. - Я вовсе не хочу с ней переспать.
Провайдер находится в районе территориального кода двести два. Однако номер пока не удалось узнать. - Двести два. Где это? - Где же на необъятных американских просторах прячется эта загадочная Северная Дакота. - Где-то поблизости от Вашингтона, округ Колумбия, сэр. Нуматака высоко поднял брови.
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